First of all, it can be said that you are not alone with your diabetes, around 400,000 people in Germany suffer from type I diabetes
. This metabolic disease is either congenital or the affected person develops it in childhood or adolescence, or it is the so-called “adult sugar”, which mainly occurs in people over the age of 65. Unfortunately, it has to be said that there is still no cure for this disease, so those affected must learn to live with it. According to the current state of research, he can usually do this very well with sometimes only tiny limitations.
What to consider
In the case of type I diabetes, insulin must be administered under the skin using a very fine injection needle. This means that the patient has to check their blood sugar level several times a day
, usually before eating again. Based on these values, the required amount of insulin must now be calculated, taking into account what you intend to eat. Spontaneous meals are therefore not possible for diabetics. That means before the lunch break in the company you have to get an overview of what the canteen is offering today or what you are planning to eat out. Raw or cooked vegetables and meat play a minor role here, the culprits that need to be considered are carbohydrates. Which count as bread units for diabetics (BE). This information about the contained BE can also be found on the packaging of all food, at least it should be there. For those affected, it is also important to work out a clear daily schedule, regular meals are a must, and five meals are better than three. The diabetic should also pay attention to a good level of physical activity
, whereby the blood sugar level must always be kept in mind. Anyone who has been suffering from this disease for a long time will already know their body and be able to react quickly to various alarm signals. Furthermore, the immediate environment should be informed about the disease and how to proceed in an emergency. The patient should also watch his weight and see that he avoids being overweight. Of course, a diabetic can be extremely well adjusted in their values, but over time there are always fluctuations and a new adjustment may be necessary. For this, the patient usually has to be in the hospital for a few days, but in milder cases this can also be done by a good family doctor who is well versed in diabetes. Fluctuations in life that can influence diabetes are puberty in young people, pregnancy in women and the onset of menopause, and stress can also have a negative impact on blood sugar levels. Especially during pregnancy, the expectant mother should be examined at shorter intervals than a healthy pregnant woman. Therefore, a diabetic who becomes pregnant is always classified as a high-risk pregnancy. Complications can, but do not have to, occur during pregnancy and also during childbirth. As a rule, however, both the pregnancy and the birth are completely normal
and the mother can then hold a healthy child in her arms. Complications in childbirth usually occur when the child is very large; diabetic women like to have children that are very heavy and very large. Children with a birth weight of 4000 g or 4500 g are not uncommon here. If a woman who has not yet been diagnosed with diabetes gives birth to a child of this weight, there will usually be a check to see whether the mother and/or the child have diabetes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gFtskPI7uYA